Country background

Somalia is located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. Its population is estimated at 10.25 million persons (UNDO 2015).

  • Somalia is a pivotal 637,540 Km square land mass occupying most of the strategic coastline of the Horn of Africa, with 9% suitable for cultivation, 17% woodland, 45% for grazing and 29% for other uses. 
  • Somalia has the longest coastline on Africa’s mainland and its terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains and highlands.  Climatically, hot conditions prevail year-round, with periodic monsoon winds and irregular rainfall.


IDDRSI Platform in Somalia

The Somalia IDDRSI Platform Coordination Mechanism aims to provide guidance and technical support in the design, planning, implementation and evaluation of components of the national drought resilience program. It is a multifaceted, multisectoral platform that requires the engagement and cooperation of various stakeholders, and, from a drought management perspective, needs the capacities of diverse ministries and national institutions. The Ministry of Livestock, Forestry and Range (MLFR) currently host the Platform Coordination unit. 

Structure of National IDDRSI Coordination Mechanism consists of National Steering Committee (NSC), Technical Committee and task teams. The structure and roles of the components of the coordination mechanism are shown in the following table 

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